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Canada in 1905
1905
nineteen hundred and five

Between 1901 and 1911, Canada's population increased from 5,371,315 to 7,206,643. The economy also grew at an unprecedented rate during this time, except for two brief downturns in 1907 and 1913. The economic boom was partly due to a great deal of foreign investment and in part due to the incredible success Canada was having in selling wheat overseas. The booms in population and the economy led to two new transcontinental railway projects in the early 1900s. In 1907, the National Council of Women of Canada made a new demand that would become very familiar over the coming decades: "Equal pay for equal work." Tensions between Canada and Britain rose after Britain sided with the U.S. in a 1903 dispute over the Canada-Alaska border. Britain's decision meant the Lynn Canal, which gave access to the Klondike ― where the gold rush was in full swing ― belonged to the U.S. It sparked a great deal of resentment in Canada. When Britain requested Canada's help in building its navy, Laurier responded with a compromise: he established the Canadian Navy in 1910, and allowed it to support the British cause if needed.

Boundary Changes

  • 1912 Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec expand northward. The colony of Newfoundland disputes Quebec's eastern boundary

GLOSSARY TERMS

Newfoundland: In 1497, John Cabot called it "newfounde isle". Although it is the youngest province in Canada (joined Confederation in 1949), it was one of the first parts of the continent seen by European explorers centuries ago.

GLOSSARY TERMS

Newfoundland: In 1497, John Cabot called it "newfounde isle". Although it is the youngest province in Canada (joined Confederation in 1949), it was one of the first parts of the continent seen by European explorers centuries ago.





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